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Because the earth is a sphere, the shortest distance between any two points on it must be a curve. This can be seen if one stretches a cord between two places on a globe; the stretched cord will lie along the 'great circle' linking the two places. (A 'great circle' is one that encircles the globe, its diameter being the diameter of the globe.) John Thomas Towson, who was scientific examiner of masters and mates at Liverpool, saw the advantages of a great circle route to Australia years before the gold rush. He knew full well, however, that it was impossible to keep to a great circle all the way from the South Atlantic to Australia, for such a route led into Antarctica; in any event, a curved route could not be followed by ships' compasses. His answer was a break-up of a curved route into a series of chords, or 'rhumbs', going as far south as ice would allow. Such a route cut out Cape Town completely, leaving it hundreds of miles to the north.
Towson presented his calculations in 1847 in a small but radical book: Tables to Facilitate the Practice of Great Circle Sailing and Determination of Azimuths.

from The Long Farewell by Don Charlwood.

Great Circle Sailing < >

Year

Size Medium

 

1998

1840mm x 1840mm Acrylic paint on canvas